Setting up Mushroom Spawn Production Unit. Mushroom Spawn Production. Required Ingredients :. Specially straw from paddy variety with white primodia, narrow, stiff and un-threshed by bullock or tractor is required. Paddy straw when trodden by bullocks or tractor, loose stiffness and easily rots when it comes in contact with water, gets compressed which is not good for mushroom mycelia growth. As such straw obtained through harvesting by beating the straw bundles with hand are always good for mushroom cultivation.
Only the top and panicle portion is removed. This is because on fungal species is found at the base portion which caused rotting and contamination of the straw subsequently. Paddy straw from variety C. A mushroom bed of 2 feet length, 2 ft wide and 2 ft height is prepared from 10 to 20 bundles of straw as per the thickness of the straw bundles. First hold on the top of straw bundle and loosen the binding of the straw bundle by doing so the leaves come out.
If leaves will remain, it will hold more water for long time and cause rotting of the straw soon. The culture should be free from infection. Powder obtained from bengalgram with its seed coat gives more yield form powder of bengalgram with seed coat. Material required to prepare one bed of Mushroom :.
Cultivation Method :. The required number of straw bundles are soaked in a tank of clean water for 12 to 16 hours. At the time of soaking use ml of formalin and 10 grams of bavistin per liters of water. Where electric heaters are available hot water should be used for treating the straw bundles.
Break the bottle and remove the glasses. Use cotton to remove small glass piece if stick to the spawn. Divide the spawn to 4 equal parts and make small pieces of spawn having size of thumb finger. Else use paddy husk or rice bran to reduce the cost of cultivation.
It should also be divided to 4 equal parts. First put a layer of straw of 6 inches height. See that the bases of straw are towards outer side and top portion are inside. Let the direction of the first layer be east-west or north-south. Take one part of the spawn out of the 4 parts and put the spawn pieces on the bed leaving 2 inches from outer side and at 3 inches distance. Arrange the straw on the opposite direction of the first layer East-west of North-south.
Take of another part of spawn and put the spawn piece at a distance of 3 to 4 inches as in the first layer. Also sprinkle the dal powder over it as done previously. Now press the layer at the top so that the mycelium can grow well. Cut the spilled straw all around the bed with the help of a seizure. First days keep the beds as such.
After days the polythene sheet may be removed for 30 minutes daily for aeration and spray water only on portion of bed where straw is dried.Volvariella volvacea also known as paddy straw mushroom or straw mushroom is a species of edible mushroom cultivated throughout East and Southeast Asia and used extensively in Asian cuisines.
They are often available fresh in Asia, but are more frequently found in canned or dried forms outside their nations of cultivation. Worldwide, straw mushrooms rank third in consumption, although their use in the West is somewhat uncommon and usually confined to use in Oriental cooking. Straw mushrooms are grown on rice straw beds and are most commonly picked when immature often labeled "unpeeled"during their button or egg phase and before the veil ruptures.
No record has been found of their cultivation before the 19th century. One cup of straw mushrooms is nutritionally dense and contains 58 calories, selenium, Se In their button stage, straw mushrooms resemble poisonous death capsbut can be distinguished by several mycological features, including their pink spore print spore prints of death caps are white.
The two mushrooms have different distributions, with the death cap generally not found where the straw mushroom grows natively, but immigrants, particularly those from Southeast Asia to California and Australia, have been poisoned due to misidentification.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Paddy straw mushrooms Straw mushrooms, with some still in their veils, while others have opened and reveal the cap inside Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi.
Singer . Chinese University Press — via Google Books. The Chinese Kitchen. London: Kyle Cathie Ltd. Health Benefits Times. Retrieved International Journal of Current Research. Oxford University Press. The Sydney Morning Herald.
Taxon identifiers. Hidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms All stub articles.Punjab government has planned scheme for mushroom cultivation in the next annual plan to provide budgetary support for its development. The mushroom cultivation would go a long way in giving impetus to the farm diversification while enhancing the profitability of the farmers enormously on the other.
It is known as "shiitake" in Japan. Origin of this mushroom is China. The shiitake mushroom grows on old wood from dead residues of trees. Various hardwood species of trees have been used in the bed log production of shitake. Volvariella sp. The paddy straw mushroom is the most popular Southeast Asia. Several species of Volvariella have been grown for food V. And V. Volvacea is blackish V. This mushroom can be grown by various methods. Composting the Substrate:. A good substrate should provide good anchorage, good aeration and have the right water holding capacity and also contain the necessary nutrients, released from the raw compost materials during fermentation.
How to Grow Oyster Mushrooms (Low Tech)
After these two stages of fermentation, the compost becomes a selective substrate. When the mushroom spawn is planted, it can spread throughout the compost in short time with little competition. Volvariella mycelium grows both on composed and non-composted substrates. Production of Volvariella mushroom in open portable wooden boxes provides for the easier management of pests and diseases. The frames are 60 x 45 x 20 cm size, open on all sides.
The bedding materials are cut to a uniform length of 20 cm. The boxes are filled with the bedding materials, lightly packed in parallel rows. The bedding materials may be bundled to facilitate the filling of the boxes. The packed materials loosen when soaked in water so the initial packing should be as tight as possible.
The boxes of bedding materials are soaked in water for at least 3 hours. With proper soaking, the straw becomes dark brown and the banana leaves become more transparent. The boxes are removed from the soaking area and excess water is drained away.
The soaked substrate is spawned by inserting pieces of spawn along the edges of the packed substrates. A good spawn run takes about 5 to 7 days.
Subsequently, small pinheads begin to form along the open edges of the boxes. The bundled paddy straw is soaked in water overnight and piled into heaps of three or four layers, with spawn broadcast between the layers. The heap is compacted until it is 30 to 60 cm thick. Thickness varies according to growing season: during warm weather, the height of the bed should not exceed 50 cm so that the bed will not overheat and kill the spawn.
The latter method has the advantage of raising the temperature of the heap.We are providing training on Mushroom Cultivation. Take Training from Eco-mushroom. Start Mushroom Cultivation to earn Rs. Services inside Odisha and neighbouring states only. Register Yourself for training by paying Rs. Paddy straw Mushroom are grown throughout the year in Odisha.
But Oyster mushroom are generally grown in winter season only. These two types of mushroom can also be grown throughout the Indian Subcontinent. Paddy straw cultivation beds are laid out under well ventilated shed shed of any material having its four sides covered by Jute bags, bamboo mats or vertiver root mats Bena Chera or any other net for good ventilation of air. A shed of sq ft. So the Profit per month from sq. The total expenses for the equipments, accessories and services is INR Rs.
A part from this you have to make some on the site arrangement. Rest Rs. Within one week of receiving the advance our experts will move to your area with the equipments and accessories. They will give you details of layout of units, and practically demonstrate and orient you on spawn production and Mushroom Cultivation. If necessary two of your delegates will be demonstrated and be trained here in Bhubaneswar for two days. Spawn unit set up in case of Govt. Projects or Govt. For More information on Mushroom Cultivation, Spawn production, mushroom training etc.
Specially straw from paddy variety with white primodia, narrow, stiff and un-threshed by bullock or tractor is required.
Paddy straw when trodden by bullocks or tractor, loose stiffness and easily rots when it comes in contact with water, gets compressed which is not good for mushroom mycelia growth. As such straw obtained through harvesting by beating the straw bundles with hand are always good for mushroom cultivation. Only the top and panicle portion is removed. This is because on fungal species is found at the base portion which caused rotting and contamination of the straw subsequently.
Paddy straw from variety C. A mushroom bed of 2 feet length, 2 ft wide and 2 ft height is prepared from 10 to 20 bundles of straw as per the thickness of the straw bundles.DMR Home.
Paddy straw mushroom Volvariella spp. The paddy straw mushroom is having good combinations of all attributes like flavour, aroma, delicacy, high content of protein and vitamins and minerals, because of which, the acceptability of this mushroom is no way less than much popular white button mushroom. It is an edible mushroom of the topics and subtropics, and began to be cultivated in China as early as Aroundthe straw mushroom was introduced into the Philippines, Malaysia, and other south-east Asian countries by overseas Chinese.
Since then, its cultivation has been conducted in various countries outside of the region. The fruiting body formation starts with tiny clusters of white hyphal aggregates called primordia and it is followed by several morphological stages in the fruiting body development process. The successive stages are called as "button", "eggs", "elongation", "mature" stages respectively. Differentiation can be seen first at the 'button' stage. At maturity the buttons enlarge and umbrella like fruit bodies emerge after the rupture of the volva.
Cultivation Technology. Fresh dried straw is most suitable for its cultivation. The straw is tied into bundles of 1. The bundles are taken out and put on a cemented floor for few hours for draining out the excess water. The mushroom beds are prepared on a raised bamboo platform inside a thatched hut. Four pre-wetted bundles are placed side by side on this platform, facing all the loose ends on one side. Then another four bundles are placed with their tied ends on the opposite side.
The loose ends of all the 8 bundles meet and overlap each other in the middle. Spawn is applied on this first layer about 15cm away from the outer edge. On top of the spawned Ist layer, a little quantity of gram dhal powder about g per bed is applied along with the spawn. On top of the spawned Ist layer of eight bundles again a second layer of 8 bundles is placed in a similar fashion and spawned.
A third layer is again laid on top of the second layer and followed by 4 th layer of bundles and spawning. All these 32 bundles make a single bed which is now pressed to remove the entrapped air and make it compact for effective spawn run.
In order to avoid rapid water loss, the beds are covered with polythene sheets or gunny sheets. Spawning Spawn run. The individual beds are watered daily without opening them with a rose can once or twice, depending upon the climatic conditions.
Mushroom production. The spawn run beds are exposed to fresh air and the mushrooms start appearing within a few days. These are picked at button stage early in the morning. The fruiting bodies are carefully separated from the adhering straw. Mushroom production continues for a period of weeks. Each bed of 30kg dry straw can produce 4 to 5 kg of fresh mushrooms.We have been introducing mushroom cultivation as a nutritional supplement and cash crop for the landless poor.
Oyster mushrooms are a high yield, fast growing crop. This instructable gives a low tech, step by step guide to growing both pleurotus ostreatus winter strain and pleurotus pulmonarius summer strain. Did you use this instructable in your classroom? Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.
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You will need The mushrooms require a medium to grow in, in this case we will be using straw. The straw length should be approximately cm inches. Placing the straw in water tight containers, submerge the straw in water for 24 hours.
Wash, rinse and drain thoroughly, then bag in 5 litre plastic bags ready for pasteurising. Position your drum onto the heat source we used a gas burnerpouring around 40 litres of water into the drum. Place a suitable platform at the bottom of the drum, one that will keep the bags above the water yet allow steam to rise. Insert a material bin liner and fill with the prepared bags of straw. Close off the bags with the liner and cover the drum with a lid. Heat the drum, steaming the bags for approximately 60 minutes.
Leave to cool, removing the bags and transferring them to the growing area. The growing room should be clean and dimly lit shaded with indirect sunlightable to retain moisture in the air yet also provide an airflow when ventilation is needed.Paddy Straw Mushroom Cultivation Process
Plastic sheeting can be used to seal off an area to help retain humidity and to reduce other unwanted moulds and insects. Before inoculating the bags of straw, make sure you have showered and are wearing clean clothes.
Clean your hands with antibacterial soap or wear sterile gloves. A face mask and hair cap will also help reduce contamination we are very dirty creatures. Open the bags of straw and the mushroom spawn.The cultivation of paddy straw mushroom can be done in a thatched house and also under the shade of a tree.
Freshdisease free paddy straw is the ideal substrate. Ten —fifteen kg paddy straw is necessary for preparing one bed. The mushrooms start appearing from all sides in days as tiny buttons, which can be harvested in another 4- 5 days. The harvesting is to be done at the button stage itself, since the opened sporocarp will be more fibrous.
Usually, kg of mushroom can be harvested from 10 kg substrate. Paddy straw twist method Instead of bundled straw, twisted paddy straw can also be used for cultivation Procedure. Prepare a raised platform of about I m in length and 0. The paddy straw is bundled into to weigh about kg each.
Soak the straw bundles in water for hr. Ten bundles are taken out and drain the excess water Place the bundles over the platform with their butt end on one side.
Build the second layer by placing the butt end towards the other direction. These 8 bundles make one layer of bed Place the a small quantity of spawn cm inside the margin at an interval of 15 cm all along the periphery.
Apply a spoonful of coarsely powdered dhal powder before placing spawn. Place the straw bundles at right angles to the previous layer in cris-cross fashion to make the third layer.
Place the straw bundles with opposite butt ends to make fourth layer. Spawn this layer as stated above. Place another layer of straw bundles over this and do not apply spawn. Pressure the bed to make it as compact as possible and cover it with a transparent polythene sheet. Keep the beds undisturbed for for a few days. If moisture is found to be less, it may be watered using a rose can. On the other hand, if the moisture is found to be excess, polythene cover is to be partly to regulate the moisture.
The success of cultivation depends upon the temperature and moisture in the bed. Make the straw into twists of about m long and cm diameter. Immerse the twists in water for 12 hr. Take out the straw and drain the excess water. Place the place them lengthwise over a platform on a zigzag manner.